Unit 1: INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCE Review Game Questions
1. What is the condition being tested by an experimenter called?
2. What is the group not subjected to the independent variable called?
3. What are the 5 major branches of earth science?
4. What is the study of space called?
5. What is the study of the Earth called?
6. What is the study of weather called?
7. What is the study of ancient life called?
8. What is the study of the oceans called?
9. What logical approach to puzzle-solving do scientists use?
10. An examination of some part of nature using any of the 5 senses is known as what?
11. What are the 2 parts of any and all measurements?
12. Once a scientist has thought of a question, what step follows in the scientific method?
13. What is a hypothesis tested with?
14. What is the response to changes in the independent variable called?
15. How many independent variables should there be in an experiment?
16. Describe the control group in an experiment designed to test a new drug.
17. What could a hypothesis that has been tested many times, and is widely believed to be true, eventually be called?
18. What is a pattern observed in nature is called?
19. What are the only 2 possible conclusions to any successful experiment?
20. Which of the following is most permanent? a. hypotheses b. theories c. laws of nature
21. What’s one problem with the English system of measurement?
22. What’s another problem?
23. What is the amount of space something occupies called?
24. What is the amount of matter in something called?
25. What is the International System unit of distance?
26. What is the International System unit of mass?
27. What is the International System unit of volume?
28. What is the International System unit of time?
29. What is the International System unit of temperature ?
30. What is the prefix that means millions?
31. What is the prefix that means thousands?
32. What is the prefix that means hundreds?
33. What is the prefix that means tens?
34. What is the prefix that means tenths?
35. What is the prefix that means hundredths?
36. What is the prefix that means thousandths?
37. What is the prefix that means millionths?
38. In which country was the International System introduced in the late 1790’s?
39. What’s the difference between weight and mass?
40. What is the curved liquid surface often seen in a test tube called?
41. What is the measuring device we used to precisely measure liquid volume in the lab called?
42. How does one read the fluid level in a graduated cylinder when there’s a meniscus?
43. What is the measuring device we used to measure mass in the lab called?
44. What is the rule of precision used when making measurements?
45. What is the rule of precision used when making calculations?
46. 1 mL is equal to what by definition?
47. If a graduated cylinder was marked in single mL, to what precision would you express your measurements?
48. If a balance is marked in 1/100s of a gram, to what precision would you express your measurements?
49. If a ruler is marked off in 1/10s of centimeters, and you measured something you determined to be exactly 3cm, how would you record the measurement?
50. If you were to average 6g, 5.999g, and 6.01g, your calculator would read 6.0003g. How would you record it?
51. What can you do to make a pendulum swing faster?
52. Name 3 major types of graphs.
53. What is the most important reason to graph data?
54. If you were graphing the height of a group of plants between 32 and 115 cm tall on the vertical axis of a graph, what number of cm would you put at the bottom of the axis?
55. What type of graph would you use to show how tall a group of plants grew over time?
56. What type of graph would you use to show the amounts of the all the gases that make up the atmosphere?
57. What type of graph would you use to show Earth’s average temperature over the last 500 years?
58. What type of graph would you use to show how many seeds were produced by the experimental group of plants vs. the control group?
59. What type of graph would you use to display how many volcanoes there are in each of the 3 major types?
60. Name a scientific theory that has been proven.
Unit 1: INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCE Review Game Answers
1. Independent variable
2. Control group
3. Astronomy, geology, meteorology, paleontology, and oceanography
9. The scientific method
10. An observation
11. A number and a unit
12. He or she proposes a hypothesis
13. An experiment
14. Dependent variable
16. The group that is not getting the new drug, but rather a placebo in its place
17. A theory
18. A scientific law
19. Either the data supports the hypothesis, or the data fails to support the hypothesis
20. c. laws of nature
21. It’s not a base 10 system, instead it uses numbers like 12, 5280, 32, 16, 3, and 212 as foundations.
22. It’s not commonly used outside the US.
25. The meter
26. The kilogram
27. The liter (or, officially, the cubic meter)
28. The second
29. The kelvin
39. Mass is the amount of matter in something, weight is the attractive force of gravity on an object’s mass.
40. A meniscus
41. A graduated cylinder
42. Read the bottom of the meniscus
43. A balance
44. The last number in the measurement is always an estimate.
45. Round your answer to match the least precise measurement in the calculation.
46. 1 cm3
47. To the nearest .1 mL
48. To the nearest .001 g
49. 3.00 cm
50. 6 g
51. Shorten it.
52. Any 3: coordinate point (aka scatter plot), line, bar, circle (aka pie)
53. To clearly communicate a summary of the data
59. Circle or bar
60. Trick question - there are none (and there never can be!)